Immerse yourself into the world of Exotics Pets and find answers to your burning questions.

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Do Axolotls have teeth?

Yes, Axolotls possess small, cone-shaped teeth located on both their upper and lower jaws. However, their teeth are not sharp and are not used for biting, but rather for holding onto prey. Their mouths are essentially furnished with keratinized tooth-like structures that enable them to swiftly grab onto their target, making it a more optimal means of securing their prey.

Can an Axolotl go on land?

Unlike other amphibians, Axolotls remain in their larval form throughout their entire lives, meaning they are able to use their gills as oxygen delivery systems underwater. As a result, Axolotls will never leave the water for land-dwelling habitats unlike many other species of amphibian. For these reasons, Axolotls can be referred to as fully aquatic creatures.

How do wild amphibian pets differ from those bred in captivity?

Generally speaking, wild amphibians live much shorter lives than those bred in captivity. Wild amphibian pets are captured from their natural habitats, while captive-bred pets are born and raised in controlled environments, making them more adapted to captivity, more accustomed to human presence, and pose lower risks of parasites or diseases.

Finally, captive-bred specimens are often larger and of a higher quality due to the extra care and attention provided by their owners and breeders, often leading to healthier offspring with a greater chance of survival.

Are there any legal restrictions for owning a Bird of Prey?

In the United States, the possession and care of birds of prey, also known as raptors, is regulated under the federal Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA) as well as various state laws. Birds of prey are protected species, and it is generally illegal to own, sell, or possess them without proper permits.

If someone is interested in owning a bird of prey, it's not a matter of simply buying one as a pet. Rather, they would have to become a licensed falconer by applying with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and each individual state's Department of Natural Resources (DNR).

What is the difference between a bird cage and an aviary?

A bird cage is a small, typically indoor structure designed for a few small to medium-sized pet birds. It's portable and suitable for a domestic setting.

An aviary, however, is a large, indoor or outdoor structure that mimics a bird's natural habitat. It is often meant for multiple or larger birds, mostly used in zoos, by breeders and experienced bird enthusiasts.

How can I ensure the safety of my bird when it is outside of its cage?

To ensure your bird's safety outside its cage:

  1. Actively supervise your bird at all times.
  2. Bird-proof the room: cover windows, secure harmful objects.
  3. Close all doors and windows to prevent escape.
  4. Remove potential chewing hazards.
  5. Keep other household pets separate.
  6. Check the room temperature to ensure it's suitable.
  7. Provide safe perches or landing spots.
What is the largest ever recorded size for a Koi Fish?

The largest ever recorded size for a Koi fish is approximately 4 feet 3 inches (1.3 meters) in length. This exceptional size was achieved by a Koi fish conveniently known as "Big Girl". She was a Kohaku variety Koi that weighed around 91 pounds (41 kilograms), gaining worldwide recognition for her impressive measurements.

While such extraordinary sizes are quite rare, the average length of a fully grown Koi fish typically ranges between 2 to 3 feet (0.6 to 0.9 meters).

Can fish recognize their owners or form social bonds with humans?

Fish have limited cognitive abilities compared to mammals, so their capacity to recognize their owners or form social bonds with humans is quite limited.

Although some species of fish may show associative learning and become more comfortable around familiar individuals, ​​this behavior is often primarily based on conditioned responses rather than profound emotional connections.

What are some beginner-friendly saltwater fish species for reef tank?

These 5 species are often recommended for beginner reef tank enthusiasts due to their hardiness, adaptability, and compatibility with reef environments.

  1. Ocellaris Clownfish are hardy, colorful, and suitable for reef tanks. They form symbiotic relationships with anemones in the wild, but can adapt well to captive environments without them.
  2. Banggai Cardinalfish have elaborate finnage and a peaceful temperament. They are visually striking, reef-safe and are known to tolerate a wide range of water conditions.
  3. Royal Gramma feature a vibrant purple colour and striking yellow hues. Their peaceful nature makes for a perfect coexistence with various reef tank inhabitants, as they will often prefer to hide within live rock.
  4. Firefish are slender, darting fish that exhibit beautiful colors and add visual interest to reef tanks. This fish is generally peaceful and can adapt well to captive environments.
  5. Yellow Watchman Goby are known for their sand-sifting behavior, small size and fascinating symbiotic relationships with pistol shrimps. Be assured, these will greatly contribute to a diverse and engaging reef tank.
What do Praying Mantises eat?

Praying Mantises are voracious carnivores with a diverse appetite. They primarily feed on a variety of insects, including mosquitoes, grasshoppers, cockroaches, moths, and caterpillars. However, Mantises can also exhibit cannibalistic behavior, particularly during or after mating.

Their specialized forelegs, called raptorial legs, are used to seize and immobilize their prey. Interestingly, it is not uncommon for larger Mantises to feed on small vertebrates, such as lizards, mice and even birds. 

Are there legal requirements for owning a Giant African Millipede?

In the United States, it's generally permissible to own Giant African Millipedes as pets. This extends to all species of millipedes, provided that they have been acquired domestically. It's important to note that while ownership is legal, the importation of any non-native species of millipede into the U.S. is prohibited.

How long do hermit crabs live as pets?

On average, with proper care, hermit crabs can live for about 10 to 20 years. However, it's important to note that some species, such as the Ecuadorian hermit crab, may have shorter lifespans of around 5 to 10 years. Here are a few examples of hermit crab species and their respective lifespans:

  1. Strawberry Hermit Crab: 1 to 3 years
  2. Coenobita Rugosus "Ruggie" Crab: Up to 8 years
  3. Ecuadorian "Eccie" Crab: 5 to 15 years
  4. Purple Pincher Hermit Crab: 10 to 20 years
  5. Caribbean Hermit Crab: Up to 20 years (sometimes 30)
How to safely handle a Hedgehog?

When handling a Hedgehog, it's important to approach your pet calmly and gently. Prior to handling, wash your hands to remove any scents that might startle them. Use both hands to securely support their body, providing a sense of security, and pay close attention to any signs of distress. 

Make sure to provide a soft surface for them to sit on during handling and avoid touching sensitive areas like their face, feet, and quills. Eventually, you will be able to gradually extend the duration of your handling sessions, allowing your hedgehog to become more accustomed to the experience. 

Are there legal restrictions for owning a Sugar Glider?

Sugar Gliders are legal to own as pets in most states throughout the United States. However, there are a few exceptions. Some states, including Georgia, New Mexico, and Pennsylvania will require owners to obtain a special permit for legal ownership of a Sugar Glider.

On the flip side, there are currently three states where the keeping of Sugar Gliders as pets is completely prohibited. These states are Alaska, California, and Hawaii. The ban on sugar gliders in these states primarily stems from concerns about the potential impact of exotic animals on the native wildlife populations in their respective regions.

How can I provide mental stimulation and exercise for my rabbit?

These 5 activities will keep your rabbit mentally stimulated, physically active, and promote their natural behaviors:

  1. Engage in interactive play sessions using toys such as puzzle feeders, treat balls, or dangling toys.
  2. Create a safe space for exploration, complete with tunnels, ramps, and hideouts for your rabbit to navigate.
  3. Encourage natural foraging instincts by using toys that dispense treats or hiding food for them to find.
  4. Offer a designated digging area with materials like shredded paper or dig-friendly substrate.
  5. Supervise outdoor time in a secure area, allowing your rabbit to experience different sensory stimuli.
Why do Chameleons change their colors?

Chameleons change their colors primarily for communication and thermoregulation. The color change serves as a non-verbal language, conveying their emotional state and intentions to other chameleons.

Brighter colors might signify dominance or a mating call, while subdued hues can indicate submission or stress. These color changes also help with temperature regulation, enabling chameleons to absorb or reflect light and heat based on their environmental conditions.

What is the recommended prey size for Ball Pythons?

In the case of managing the diet of a Ball Python that is under a year old, and approximately 10-16 inches in length, the selected prey would typically equate to fuzzy or hopper mice, with a weight in the region of 10-15g.

As your python journeys into its second year, growing between 20-30 inches, its dining table needs an upgrade too. Now, adult mice or weanling rats would be the appropriate meal, weighing between 18-50g.

When your python matures beyond its second year, surpassing 30 inches, it's time to introduce the big league: medium to large rats, weighing a sturdy 90-200g.

What are the different Leopard Gecko morphs?

Leopard geckos are quite the spectacle in the pet world. What truly sets them apart is the remarkable diversity in their appearance, thanks to the numerous morphs or genetic variations that breeders have carefully developed over the years. Here are five of the most visually compelling variations:

  1. Eclipse: Recognizable by their solid black eyes.
  2. Albino: Displaying lighter hues due to lack of black pigmentation.
  3. Tangerine: Known for their bright, captivating orange coloration.
  4. Blizzard: Characterized by their patternless white or dark purple body.
  5. Mack Snow: Notable for their predominantly white or lightly colored bodies with faint patterns.